Holy Ajmer Sharif

Ajmer is an important city, located in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is about 132 kms west of Jaipur and rests in the lap of the serene and beautiful surroundings of the Aravalli Range of hills . Ajmer is the fourth largest city of Rajasthan and one of the most important pilgrimage and tourist centers of the state. By virtue of its strategic linkages and the railway junction, the city assumes great significance. It is the capital of Ajmer district and spreads over an area of 241.58 km. Its population in 1991 was 402,700.Ajmer is situated in the geographical center of Rajasthan. Lying in.the foothills of Aravali hills in a picteresque setting, the city is situated in a valley surrounded by hills. It is an important railway junction on the Delhi-Ahmedabad metre guage main line and is about 380km south west of Delhi 8 by direct route. The Delhi -Ahmedabad NH 8 passes through Ajmer. SH 26, 4 and 18 link Ajmer with Kota, Bhilwara and Merta.

History of Ajmer

Ajrner was founded by Raja Jayaraja Chauhan in the 7th century AD. The city derives its name from Ajaipal who built the majestic fortress at Taragarh on top of the Ajaimem hiUs. Ajmer was in Mughal hands until 1744 AD, after which the Marathas took over and continued their reign lmtil the British Rule. It was during the Muslim Rule that Ajmer became a center for Sufi philosophy. It is known for the renowned 'Dargah' shrine of the Sufi mystic, Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti. This historical town of Ajmer is thus a synthesis of both Hindu and Muslim cultures.

Ajmer was ceded to the Marathas in 1818. In the British rule the city experienced substantial growth beyond the walled city limits. It served as the military headquaters of the British government in the region. New localities, markets, streets and buildings like the Sophia hospital, Trevor hall, Mayo college, and Clock Tower were built during this period. With the advent of the railways and the eshtablishment of the railway workshop in 1870-85, the city experienced faster growth.During the period 1900-47 a few residential colonies like Kaisarganj, Adarshnagar, Civil Lines, Gulab Bari and C)"I.ristian Gunj were developed""

After independence, due to influx of refugees, the city grew haphardly and sI-\Oradically Thereafter the development activity was slow as the neighbouring city of Jaipur emerged as the state capital and attracted most of the development activity. In 1965 the city again experienced growth with the eshtablishment ('.f the regional college medical eollege, grinding machine tools plant etc. The growth rate for the 1981-1991 decade was a meagre 7.02%. This was essentially due to scarcity of water supply and lack of a well defined economic base.Situated in the heart of the Rajasthan desert, Ajmer offers a compatible blend of Sufi culture and Hindu religion
.For long, Ajmer was always a politically and spiritually important centre for the Rajputs, the Mughals and the Marathas. It was the seat of administration for the Chauhans till, in 1193, the army of Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. Thereafter, it became a part of the Sultanate of Delhi.However,the Rajputs regained the control of the city with the crusades of Rana Kumbha of Mewar and Raja Maldeo.Now, Ajmer is an important spiritual and cultural centre of India and people from all walks and religions of life throng to the city to seek the blessings of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti, whose shrine is located in the heart of the city.

Reaching Ajmer

Ajmer can be easily accessed through air, train or road. While the nearest airport is about 138 kms, in the city of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, the easier way is to take a train to the city.

Air: Jaipur Airport, about 138 kms from Ajmer. Fly in to Jaipur. Thereafter, take a train or a bus to Ajmer.

Rail: Ajmer is well connected with the major cities of India through a Rail network. You can get direct trains to Ajmer from Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Abu Road, and Jodhpur. To reach from other cities, you will have to change trains at one of the mentioned locations.

Road: Regular Buses operate from most cities. However, Delhi, Rajashtan and Gujarat offer a good frequency of service. During the Urs time, one can find additional bus services from other cities as well

Climate
Temperatures are very high during summers and very low during winters. Ajmer has a typical desert type of climate. The best period to visit Ajmer is between October and March.

What to see
Ajmer offers a plethora of spiritual and cultural delights. We list below a selection of major attractions of Ajmer.

Dargah Sharif
It is the final resting-place of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti. The Dargah of Gharib Nawaz is visited by millions of people from all over the world, irrespective of caste and religion.
 

Adhai-Din-Ka Jhonpara

One of the finest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture, this mosque was a Sanskrit college in the 12th century. In 1193 AD Mohammad Ghori converted the college into a mosque. The mosque is built on pillars and surprisingly no two pillars are alike. The archways are finely engraved with Kufi and Jughra inscriptions from the Holy Koran. It is said that the entire mosque was reconstructed in an amazingly short period of two and a half days - thus the name Adhai Din Ka Jhonpara (A hut of two and a half days)

The Museum
The Royal Palace of Akbar was converted into a museum and today it houses a rich collection of Mughal and Rajput armoury. Many fine and delicate sculptures of the region have been displayed here. The building itself is constructed in red sandstone, which has been laid in a square pattern giving it a beautiful look.

Ana Sagar Lake
Ana Sagar Lake is located towards the north of the city.The famous lake was built between 1135-1150 AD by Anaji. Later, the Mughal Emperors made additional constructions around the lake to add to its splendour. Shah Jahan built a marble pavilion now called the Baradari, while Emperor Jehangir laid the beautiful Daulat Bagh gardens, where people still go in plenty to walk and enjoy the greenery.

Taragarh Fort
Built in the 7th century by Ajaipal Chauhan, the fort gives a bird's eye view of the city. Taragarh Fort or the 'Star Fort' is situated on a hill and to reach there, one has to take winding bridle path. Situated atop the hill is the Holy Shrine of Martyr Sawar Sharief.


Nasiyan (Jain Temple)
This red coloured temple was built in the late 19th century. The wooden gilt in the double storied hall depicts scenes from Jain mythology. It is an interesting place to visit. Offers examples of fine craftsmanship.

Ziyarat is a pilgrimage associated with the holy shrine of KHWAJA GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A.), his companions, or other venerated figures in AJMER history, such as Sufi saints.

Muslims use the word ziyarat for both the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca and pilgrimages to other sites. Such sites are called Ziyaratgaah.
The exact meaning of the term, or related terms, in other Muslim-majority countries is not clear.

The lesser pilgrimages are not required of Muslims; only the Hajj is required. However, the lesser pilgrimages have often been the only pilgrimage available to many Muslims. Some Muslims believe that if they cannot do the Hajj, a ziyarat to a celebrated shrine can substitute for the Hajj. Hence local ziyarat is sometimes called the poor man's Hajj
i.e. ziayart to KHWAJA GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A.) 

"Ziyarat" comes from the arabic word "zur" meaning "to visit". The word is actually pronounced "ziyarah" with a silent 't' at the end but as Arabic is not the first language of most Muslims, the word is commonly pronounced "ziyarat" rather than "ziyarah". It can also be transliterated from Arabic as "ziarah".

Temp. & Avrg. Rainfall of different months 
in Holy City Ajmer is as following:

Months. Max. Temp Min. Temp Avg. Rain
Jan 22 8 14
Feb 25 11 8
Mar 31 15 9
Apr 37 21 4
May 41 26 10
June 39 27 54
July 34 26 193
Aug 32 24 239
Sep 33 23 90
Oct 33 18 19
Nov 29 12 3
Dec 24 9 4

Kindly arrive as per weather conditions 
to avoid any type of inconvenience

Ajmer

  Ajmer
Rajasthan • India
Coordinates:
 2616′N 7425′E / 26.27, 74.42
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
• Elevation

• 486 m (1,594 ft)
District(s) Ajmer
Population 500,000 (2005)
Codes
• Pincode
• Telephone
• Vehicle

• 3050 xx
• ++0145
• RJ01

Coordinates: 2616′N 7425′E / 26.27, 74.42 Ajmer pronunciation
(Hindi: अजमेर  is a city in Ajmer District in India's Rajasthan state. Its population was approximately 500,000 in 2001. The city gives its name to a district, and also to a former province of British India called Ajmer-Merwara, which, after India's independence, became the state of Ajmer until November 1, 1956, when it was merged into Rajasthan state.

Geography

It is situated in 26 27, N. lat. and 74 44, E. long., on the lower slopes of Taragarh hill, in the Aravalli Range. To the north of the city is a large artificial lake, called Anasagar, adorned with a marble structure called Baradari.

The city is well laid out with wide streets and handsome houses. Ajmer is at an important railway junction. The city is a trade center and has cotton mills and railroad shops. Manufactures include wool textiles, hosiery, shoes, soap, and pharmaceuticals.

History

Ajmer (Ajaya-meru in Sanskrit) was founded in the tenth century CE by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan. He established the Chauhan dynasty which continued to rule the country while repeated waves of Muslim invasion swept across India. Ajmer was conquered by Muhammad of Ghor, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, in 1193. Its internal government, however, was handed over to the Chauhan rulers upon the payment of a heavy tribute to the conquerors. Ajmer then remained feudatory to Delhi until 1365, when it was captured by the ruler of Mewar. In 1509 Ajmer became a source of contention between the maharajas of Mewar and Marwar, and was ultimately conquered by the Marwar ruler in 1532. Ajmer was lost to the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1559. It continued to be in the hands of the Mughals, with occasional revolts, till 1770, when it was ceded to the Marathas. From that time up to 1818 Ajmer was the scene of an ongoing struggle, being seized at different times by the Mewar and the Marwar maharajas, from whom it was often retaken by the Marathas. In 1818 the Marathas sold Ajmer to the British for 50,000 rupees. Since then Ajmer has enjoyed unbroken peace and stable governance.

Places for Ajmer Tourists

The chief objects of interest are Pushkar and the Dargah, tomb of the most revered Muslim sufi saint Moinuddin Chishti,
 the Gharib Nawaz (R.A.)

Pushkar is a town in the state of Rajasthan in India near Ajmer, about 14 Kilometers away, and is an important tourist destination. Pushkar is famous for Pushkar Lake and the 14th century Hindu temple to Brahma, God as the Creator of all creation. This is the only temple of Brahma in the world. Pushkar is also famous for its annual Camel Fair.

The Dargah of Sufi saint Moinuddin Chishti

The Dargah Sharif of Khwaza Moinuddin Chishti is situated at the foot of the Taragarh hill, and consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizam of Hyderabad, a mosque donated by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, the Akbari Masjid, and the domed tomb of the saint. To this place Emperor Akbar, with his queen, performed pilgrimage on foot from Agra every year in observance of a vow he had made when praying for a son. The large pillars, erected at intervals of two miles the whole way between Agra and Ajmer, marking the daily halting places of the royal pilgrim, are still extant.

Taragarh, the fort of Ajmer, seat of the Chauhan rulers, is claimed to be the first hill fort of Asia, built at a time when the Aravalli mountain ranges were above the snowlines. This gives it the reputation of being one of the oldest hill forts of the world, and it is definitely the oldest among the hill forts in India.

The Adhai-din-ka-jhonpra, a Jain temple constructed in 1153 and converted into a mosque by Qutubuddin Aibak after 1193, is situated on the lower slope of the Taragarh hill. With the exception of that part used as a mosque, nearly the whole of the ancient temple has fallen into ruins, but the relics are not excelled in beauty of architecture and sculpture by any remains of Hindu art. Forty columns support the roof, but no two are alike, and great fertility of invention is manifested in the execution of the ornaments.

Magazine, the city's Museum, was once the residence of Prince Salim, son of Emperor Akbar, and presently houses a collection of the Mughal and Rajput armour and sculpture.This residence of Salim is significant from a historical point of view, because Salim as Emperor Jahangir read out the firman for trade to India to the British East India company from here, thus starting the chain of events that lead to India's colonisation by the British.

The summit of Taragarh hill, overhanging Ajmer, is crowned by a fort, the lofty thick battlements of which run along its brow and enclose the table-land. The walls are two miles in circumference, and the fort can only be approached by steep and very roughly paved planes, commanded by the fort and the outworks, and by the hill to the west. On coming into the hands of the British Raj, the fort was dismantled by order of Lord William Bentinck, and was converted into a sanatorium for the troops stationed at the British cantonment town of Nasirabad.

Mayo College is one of India’s most prestigious public school / boarding school located in Ajmer, Rajasthan. With a view to providing the leaders of the princely states with an educational infrastructure on a par with British standards the British Raj proceeded to construct a school, house students and impart education to the Indian elite, particularly the princes and nobles of Rajputana. It was established in 1875 by Lord Mayo, Viceroy of India. The architecture of the school buildings evoke the grandeur of Rajasthan. Several designs for the Main Building were submitted by different engineers in Grecian, Indo-Saracenic and Kolhapur styles. The viceroy finally adopted Major Mant's Indo-Saracenic design in June 1875, the resulting white marble Main Building of the college is a masterpiece in architecture. Major Mant's design became a classic symbol of Indo-Saracenic architecture and apart from being quoted in architectural courses even today, the design now lies in the archives of the British Museum in London.

FOR ANY SERVICES RELATED TO DARGAH SHARIF PLEASE CONTACT

KHUDDAM-E-KHAS OF KHWAJA GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A.)

TOURIST PLACES

  • Magazine
  • Rajputana Museum
  • Nasiyan (Jain mandir)
  • Abdullah Khan's tomb
  • Ana Sagar
  • Circuit house
  • Khobra Bheroon Temple
  • Visal Sar

Around Ajmer

  • Ajaipalji
  • Anted ki Mata
  • Jain Chhatries
  • Foy Sagar
  • Mangliyawas
  • Kishangarh
  • Beawar

Education

Ajmer is home to Mayo college, a boarding school founded by the British Raj in 1870 to educate the children of Rajputana's nobles on the lines of an English public school. Ajmer is also home to the prestigious Sophia Girls' School [now College], and the historic Ajmer Music College, founded in 1942, which was the first accredited institution in Rajputana for teaching classical Hindustani music. One of the four NCERT Demonstration Schools of India is also located in Ajmer.

The educational institutions which prominently shaped the academic environment of Ajmer before India became independent are the Government College, Savitri Girls' School & College, D.A.V. College, Government High School, Convent Girls' School, King George Royal Indian Military School, St. Anslem's School, Moinia Islamia School, Husband Memorial High School, Govt. Central Girls' School, and Saraswati Balika Vidyalaya.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Ajmer had a population of 485,197. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ajmer has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

"Ajmer-The city which symbolizes unity in diversity,having the Apex seats of both Hindu and Muslim religions
Pushkar Fair 2009 will be held from 25th October 2009
Phone no. +91-09829162863

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